My Daughter Lies In The Balance Of Our Open Adoption
With my six-and-a-half year-old daughter, feelings surrounding her adoption often come up at bedtime. Recently, she jumped on the bed when it was time to settle and so I turned the light off, mid-jump, before a story. This consequenceâ€”no storyâ€”wasnâ€™t to her liking. â€œI want a story! I want a story!â€ she screeched. A little light poured in from the hallway. â€œI wish I could go to my Auntie Ceceâ€™s to live!â€ she exclaimed, referring to her birth mother. â€œShe would read me stories.â€
Her words felt like a sucker punch to my heart, I am not going to lie. Sure, the outrage in the moment stemmed from disappointment about the missed story, alongside a sizable dollop of over-tiredness. But, at the very same time, her sentence underscored an important truth: adoption is a big deal.
One of the reasons we opted for an open adoption was so that moments like these could happen. Rather than long for and fantasize about and try to reckon with a completely amorphous mystery parent, our daughter has a real person to call for in the darkness. Whether a specific person or a wholly unknown one, for adoptees, there is the inevitable why: “Why didnâ€™t she, the first mom, want me?” surfaces as a question. Itâ€™s the stuff that creeps into our semi-darkness. Our daughter has just begun to ask that sometimes (always when tired). Coupled with confusion, she knows that her birth mom does love her. And I know it. And I know I love herâ€”and her first mom. Open adoption lets the adoptive mom hold all that complexity with her child. I feel glad to be that mom, if a little bruised in the moment.
When adoption laws were created in the first part of the twentieth century, the idea was to keep information confidential. Birth records were tightly sealedâ€”by the early 1950â€™s nearly every state had those laws on the books. However, research began to suggest that secrecy caused psychological problems for adoptee and birth parents, and adoptive parents, so a movement toward increased openness began. Between 1987 and 1992, researchers Grovenant and McRoy collected information from 190 adoptive families and 169 birthmothers, and discovered that â€œopennessâ€ as defined by birth parents and adoptive parents meeting at placement did not take away adoptive parentsâ€™ fulfillment and did not eliminate or necessarily ameliorate birth parentsâ€™ grief. By 1991, birth parents and adoptive parents met in over two-thirds of domestic adoptions in the United States through public and private agencies. This represents a sea change, in comparison to the secretive times that preceded this push toward increased transparency. No one really knows how the change affects adoptees, at least not yet.
As I patted our daughterâ€™s back to soothe her, I thought about how conventions trail the current reality. There arenâ€™t many picture books about open adoption, or consensus about what to call first (aka biological) mothers. Without information about how children, once grown, will feel about the ways we handled the â€œopenâ€ part of open adoption, itâ€™s impossible to determine â€œsuccess.â€ All we know so far is that everyoneâ€™s hearts are on deck.