25 Surprising Facts About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Doctors do not know what causes PCOS.
Doctors do not know the exact cause of PCOS. They believe that two factors, such as high levels of androgens and high levels of insulin, play a major role in PCOS, according to the Office of Women’s Health. Androgens are known as “male hormones” because they cause several traits associated with men, such as increased hair growth, male-pattern baldness, and increased acne. All women have a few androgens but women who are diagnosed with PCOS have higher levels of androgens than women without PCOS. Many women who have PCOS have high levels of insulin because their bodies do not react normally to insulin. Women diagnosed with PCOS are more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes, especially when they are overweight or obese, do not exercise or eat healthy, or have family members with diabetes.