19 Things To Know About Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy

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The term was coined in 1976.


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The term “Munchausen syndrome” was created in 1951 by R. Asher. This is a syndrome where someone pretends to be sick so that they can gain sympathy from others. But the term “Munchausen syndrome by proxy” came over two decades later by John Money and June Faith Werlwas. It was later used by a British pediatrician named Roy Meadow a year after. He studies two cases where he believed that the caretaker had Munchausen syndrome by proxy. In the first case, a mother poisoned her toddler with excess salt. In the second case, a mother placed her own blood in her infant’s urine sample. At first, the medical community was skeptical about Munchausen syndrome by proxy. But today, there are over 2,000 cases for this syndrome in medical literature. The United States, Nigeria, Sri Lanka, and Oman have Munchausen syndrome by proxy cases.

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